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FAQ #1 – What is Body Type Science (The Four Body Types)?
Body Type Science theory is based on genetics, particularly vertebrae and muscles/muscle mass development (or lack thereof) relative to skinny fat (cellulite, thin fat, loose skin, saggy skin, crepey skin, normal weight obesity) and regular fat (white fat, yellow fat, excess fat, being overweight or obese). It is a scientific/genetic fact that any part of the human body can be underdeveloped, to whatever degree, including vertebrae and muscle/mass. Just as it is a genetic fact that each vertebra houses a specific set of muscles, and muscle(s) directly affect posture, metabolism, and athleticism, no less. Genetics determine your body shape and composition, and are influenced by diet, exercise, and lifestyle.
NOTE: The recently identified anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene (AKA the ALK or “skinny” gene) is a genetic variant that offers those who have it resistance to weight gain, no matter what kind of diet a person eats. In other words, the ALK gene helps skinny people stay thin. So, it is true, some people (likely Standard Body Type One/BT1 people) can eat whatever they want and not gain weight, thanks to their genetics.
The Four Body Types (Genetic Scientific Body Type)
Human Vertebrae (26): 7 Cervical, 12 Thoracic, 5 Lumbar, 1 Sacrum, 1 Coccyx
Standard Body Type One (BT1) – 0 Vertebrae Underdeveloped Relative to Muscles/Muscle Mass Development (or Lack Thereof) and Skinny Fat (All 26 Vertebrae Developed)
Body Type Two (BT2) – 1-8 Vertebrae Underdeveloped Relative to Muscles/Muscle Mass Development (or Lack Thereof) and Skinny Fat (Between 25 and 18 Vertebrae Developed)
Body Type Three (BT3) – 9-17 Vertebrae Underdeveloped Relative to Muscles/Muscle Mass Development (or Lack Thereof) and Skinny Fat (Between 17 and 09 Vertebrae Developed)
Body Type Four (BT4) – 18-26 Vertebrae Underdeveloped Relative to Muscles/Muscle Mass Development (or Lack Thereof) and Skinny Fat (Between 08 to 0 Vertebrae Developed)
Comparing The Four Body Types, Genetic Scientific Body Type Quizzes, BT1, BT2, BT3, & BT4
FAQ #2 – What are Current Mainstream Science and Medical Doctors Body Type Standards?
When you go to have your regular doctor checkup, these are the recognized three medical/scientific body type standards by which you are being held to determine whether or not you are healthy & “normal”.
Standard #1: The Standard Scientific Human Body Anatomy Book Body Type One (BT1), AKA the genetic scientific Standard Body Type One (BT1) – unless you have been diagnosed with a specific abnormality, deformation, or underdevelopment by your doctor (and even then, you are still a Standard Body Type One/BT1 only with a specific diagnosis), according to mainstream scientists and medical doctors, once you are within your safe Standard BMI you are a Standard BT1, and the only reason you do not look like a Body Type One (BT1) is because you are consistently eating too many calories above your daily Standard BMR which is causing you to be outside your safe Standard BMI in the overweight or obese (too much fat on the body) columns. Yet, there are countless people in the world who are within safe BMI who deal with some form(s) of skinny fat (including normal weight obesity, defined as having too much fat on your body even when within safe BMI) and do not look like the BT1.
Standard #2: Body Mass Index (BMI), Standard BMI (Height & Weight)
Standard #3: Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR), Standard BMR – the bare minimum number of calories your body requires for basic survival functioning each day.
FAQ #3 – Why are Current Mainstream Science and Medical Doctor’s Body Type Standards Inaccurate?
Standard #1: The Standard Scientific Human Body Anatomy Book Body Type One (BT1), genetic scientific Standard Body Type One (BT1) is not accurate because, genetically, it is a fact that any part of the human body can be underdeveloped or undeveloped, to whatever degree. Skinny fat is real and exists in place of where there should be muscles/mass. The Standard BT1 fails to account for skinny fat and excess genetic default muscle/mass, no less.
Standard #2: Body Mass Index (BMI), Standard BMI is not accurate because, genetically, skinny fat is real and exists in place of where there should be muscles/mass. The Standard BMI does not account for skinny fat. As well, it is possible to have excess muscle mass (either excess genetic default muscle/mass and/or excess added muscle/mass via resistance training like weightlifting, calisthenics, or isometrics) on your body which would put you into the overweight or obese column of your BMI weight range, but because you do not have excess regular fat/too much regular fat on your body, you are not overweight or obese.
Standard #3: Basal Metabolic Rate (BMR), Standard BMR is not accurate because, metabolically, the scientifically calculated standard Mifflin St Jeor equation and Harris-Benedict equation for activity do not take into account skinny fat, no less. Science recognizes that one pound of muscle burns 6 calories daily, but one pound of regular fat and/or skinny fat only burns two to three calories per day, which directly affects metabolism, notably Standard BMR. The more skinny fat you have on your body, the more prone you are to putting on regular fat, and the more negatively your metabolism is affected (regular fat and skinny fat burn fewer calories than muscle), the less accurate your BMR calculations are, and thus the fewer calories your body actually needs daily.
Body Type Science is working to strengthen these three Standards to make them more accurate.
FAQ #4 – What is Skinny Fat? Can Muscle/Mass Be Transformed/Turned Into Fat? Can Fat Be Transformed/Turned Into Muscle/Mass?
There are four kinds of fat found on the human body: regular fat (white fat/yellow fat/excess fat), skinny fat, brown fat, and beige fat. Subcutaneous fat is typically regular fat along with skinny fat as well as brown fat and beige fat. Visceral fat (belly fat) is regular fat.
Only recognized by science in the last decade or so, skinny fat is normal weight obesity, cellulite, thin fat, loose skin, saggy skin, and/or crepey skin, all of which are types of body fat directly related to the skin that affect how the body looks externally as well as how the body functions internally, including metabolism.
It is not possible to turn muscle into fat, any more than it is to turn fat into muscle. Fat cells and muscle cells are different structures and are not interchangeable. Muscle does not “turn into fat.” Period. There is no process in the human body by which muscle – which is made up of mainly protein, amino acids, and water – transforms itself into any kind of fat (adipose tissue), be it regular fat, skinny fat, brown fat, or beige fat (any of the four kinds of human body fat). The human body, no matter how amazing it can be at times, cannot magically turn one tissue into another.
No amount of dieting, no amount of lifestyle changes, no amount of exercise (resistance or cardio)/effort in the gym will fix/get rid of or change/turn/transform/translate skinny fat into muscle/mass. The best you can do is reduce it and manage it through lifestyle, exercise, and diet. Accept your genetic scientific body type for what it is, as presently there is no way to change your genetics.
FAQ #5 – Why are Science-Based Diet, Exercise, Lifestyle, Metabolism, & Genetics Important?
FAQ #6 – How Does the Obesity Epidemic Relate to Body Type Science?
Body Type directly correlates to vertebrae, muscles/muscle mass, regular fat, and skinny fat, including normal weight obesity. Because one pound of muscle burns six calories daily, but one pound of fat/skinny fat only burns two to three calories, people who have skinny fat on their body and are following their calculated Standard BMR/RMR calories are eating too many calories daily. For many people, eating excess calories leads to being overweight and obese.
Further, having skinny fat where there is undeveloped muscles/muscle mass directly affects posture (spinal extension), which directly and negatively affects the structure and functioning (including exercise, metabolism, and athleticism) of the human body. Skinny fat increases the probability of having excess regular fat on the body. Obesity is defined as having too much regular fat on the body.
Normal weight obesity is defined as being within your safe BMI weight range but still having too much fat (skinny fat) — although, by definition, you are technically/medically no longer overweight or fat/obese once within your safe BMI — so it is really a type(s) of skinny fat on the body, once you are within safe BMI.
FAQ #7 – Why Are All Other Body Types Unscientific (Somatotypes/Three Body Types/Endomorph/Ectomorph/Mesomorph, Kibbe Body Types, Triangle Body Types, Rectangle Body Type, Hormone Body Types, 25 Body Types, 10 Body Types, Apple Body Type, Pear Body Type, etc.)?
None of those body types have a scientific definition, they are not based on real science. The somatotypes were fully discredited in the 1950s (70 years ago!).
If hormone body types were real, then why are there countless people in the world who have never been diagnosed with any imbalance of hormones by their licensed medical doctor, yet they are not the Standard Body Type One (BT1) once within safe Standard BMI? Why are there Standard Body Type One (BT1) people who have been diagnosed with a hormone imbalance yet have never looked like the four supposed hormone body types, the Adrenal, Thyroid, Liver, or Ovary (IE, real genetic scientific Body Type Two (BT2), Body Type Three (BT3), or Body Type Four (BT4)?
All those body types are completely void of scientific definition and are nothing but unscientific, arbitrary, subjective, nonsense shapes.
FAQ #8 – How Does Fellow One Research’s The Four Body Types’ Body Type Science Determine/Identify Body Types?
Use the genetic Scientific Body Type Quiz/Test for Women and Men to determine/identify if you are a Standard Body Type One (BT1), Body Type Two (BT2), Body Type Three (BT3), or Body Type Four (BT4). The Scientific Body Type Quiz can be used symbiotically with the Scientific Weight Loss Program Diary to scientifically track your diet, exercise, and lifestyle data while having access to the Expert Science-Based Diet, Exercise, Lifestyle “Ask Gnosis” Support Team. Finally, browsing the Celebrity Body Types will help you better understand how to identify and determine your own genetic scientific body type.